Inle Lake Destination Profile

      This landmark is not Island but a large Inle-lake couldn't be reached to the same image of Bora Bora Island plenty of highlights are quite similar where you may see housing are erecting with long wooden or bamboo pillars and cover by thatched roofs, People of Inle probably row their wooden boat ,canoes by legs, vegetables and flowers floating gardens, horticulture plantations, fi ve days colorful market and ruins around areas besides a remarkable memory of mind you must feel fantastically sunset and sun rise time. However you should spend your holidays look like relaxed and romantic scenery and atmosphere by so reasonable and safely visit to here.
      The road to Inle-Lake via Nyaung Shwe is located in the Southern Shan State. Inle Lake is situated in Nyaung Shwe Township where getting a flight from Yangon to Heho, and then travel by car or bus. From Shwe Nyaung, it takes 30 minutes to Nyaung Shwe. Then transit by long speed boat, from Nyaung Shwe to Inlay Lake Water Island. This vast picturesque lake, 900 metres above sea-level, is one of the main tourist attractions in Myanmar. The lake, 22 km long and 10 km across, has a population of some 150,000, many of whom live on floating islands of vegetation.
      Inle Lake, natural and unpolluted, is famous for its scenic beauty and the unique leg-rowing of the Inthars(the people from the Inle-Lake), the native lake dwellers. Inle Lake,is natural ; unpolluted; and famous for its scenic beauty and the unique leg rowing of the Inthars, the native lake dwellers. The lakeshore and lake islands erected 17 villages on stilts, mostly inhabited by the Inthars people.Inle Lake is suffering from the environmental effects of increased population and rapid growth in both agriculture and tourism. During the 65-year period from 1935 to 2000, the net open water area of Inle Lake decreased from 69.10 kmē to 46.69 km.Lumber removal and unsustainable cultivation practices (slash and burn farming techniques) on the hills surrounding the lake are causing ever-increasing amounts of silt and nutrients to run off into the rivers that feed the lake, especially along its western and northern watershed areas.
      This silt fills up the lake; the nutrients encourage the growth of weeds and algae. More important however is the development of floating garden agriculture, largely along the western side of the lake. This practice encroaches into the diminishing area of the lake, since over time, the floating beds become solid ground. About 93% (nearly 21 km2) of the recent loss in open water area of the lake, largely along its western side, is thought to be due to this agricultural practice. Direct environmental impacts associated with these combined agricultural activities within the wetlands and surrounding hills of the lake include sedimentation, eutrophication and pollution.
       But in 1782 the town was packed up and moved about 8 kilometers to the Northeast, to the aforementioned Amarapura. In 1823 the entire capital was dismantled again and rebuilt 8 kilometers Southwest in Ava. But in 1838 Ava was damaged by an earthquake, and was therefore in 1841 packed up again and once more transferred to Amarapura. But this was not of duration either, as only 16 years later the entire town was moved again this time 12 kilometers to the Northeast to the present Mandalay. Who, in the face of all this moving of the Burmese capital, might assume that it was more or less only a temporary camp of tents, is very wrong. At least the royal palaces, despite their being made from wood, were immensely large. Many, enormous teakwood tree trunks served as pillars to support the royal palaces, often several stories high.
      The water hyacinth a plant not native to the lake, also poses a major problem. It grows rapidly, filling up the smaller streams and large expanses of the lake, robbing native plants and animals of nutrients and sunlight. At one time, all boats coming into Nyaung Shwe were required to bring in a specified amount of water hyacinth. Over the past twenty years, large-scale use of dredges and pumps has been employed with some success in controlling the growth of this plant. On a smaller scale, public awareness education and small-scale control have also been successful.
      Another cause for concern is the planned introduction of non-native fish species, such as the Grass Carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella)] intended to improve fishery.Sanitation in the villages around the lake is an ongoing concern for public health authorities, due to untreated sewage and waste water flowing into the lake. To ensure fresh and clean water, some villages now have enclosed wells and public access to the well water.Noise pollution is also a noticeable issue. The noise from the cheaper unmuffled diesel engines driving the outboard motors is significant, and can be a distraction to the otherwise tranquil lake.

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